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GST Return

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Filing GST return under the GST regime is crucial as non-compliance and delay will result in penalties and affect your compliance rating and timely refunds.

All registered businesses have to file monthly, quarterly and/or annual GST Returns based on the type of business. In this article, we cover the following topics:

  1. What is GST Return?
  2. Who should file GST Returns?
  3. Types of GST Returns
  4. Late Fees for not Filing Return on Time

Due Dates based on Latest Orders and Notifications

GSTR-1

Quarterly Returns (Taxpayers with Annual Turnover upto Rs. 1.5 Crore can opt for quarterly return filing)

Period (Quarterly) Due dates
July- Sept 10th Jan 2018
Oct- Dec 15th Feb 2018
Jan- Mar 30th April 2018

For turnover of more than Rs 1.5 cr

Period Dates
July to Nov 10th Jan 2018
Dec 10th Feb 2018
Jan 10th Mar 2018
Feb 10th Apr 2018
March 10th May 2018

GSTR-2 and GSTR-3

GSTR-2 and GSTR-3 filing dates for July 2017 to March 2018 will be worked out later by a Committee of Officers

GSTR-3B

  • GSTR-3B has been extended to March 2018
  • All businesses to file GSTR-3B by 20th of next month till March 2018.

GSTR-4

Due date  for the quarter July-September, 2017 is 24th Dec 2017

GSTR-5

Due date for the period July-December 2017 is 31st January 2018.

GSTR-6

Due date for July 2017 is 31st December 2017.

Other Due Dates

TRAN-01 – 27th December 2017

ITC-01 – 31st January 2017

1. What is GST Return?

A return is a document containing details of income which a taxpayer is required to file with the tax administrative authorities. This is used by tax authorities to calculate tax liability.

Under GST, a registered dealer has to file GST returns that include:

  • Purchases
  • Sales
  • Output GST (On sales)
  • Input tax credit (GST paid on purchases)

To file GST returns, GST compliant sales and purchase invoices are required.

2. Who should file GST Returns?

In the GST regime, any regular business has to file three monthly returns and one annual return. This amounts to 37 returns in a year.

The beauty of the system is that one has to manually enter details of one monthly return – GSTR-1. The other two returns – GSTR 2 & 3 will get auto-populated by deriving information from GSTR-1 filed by you and your vendors.

There are separate returns required to be filed by special cases such as composition dealers .

3. What are the types of GST Returns?

Here is a list of all the returns to be filed under the GST Law along with the due dates.

3.1. Any regular business:

As per Act

Return Form Particulars Interval Due Date
GSTR-1 Details of outward supplies of taxable goods and/or services effected Monthly* 10th of the next month
GSTR-2 Details of inward supplies of taxable goods and/or services effected claiming input tax credit. Monthly* 15th of the next month
GSTR-3 Monthly return on the basis of finalization of details of outward supplies and inward supplies along with the payment of amount of tax. Monthly* 20th of the next month
GSTR-9 Annual Return Annually 31st December of next financial year
GSTR-3B Provisional return for the months of July 2017 to March 2018 Monthly 20th of the next month

 

3.2. A dealer opting for composition scheme :

composition dealer will enjoy the benefits of lesser returns & compliance along with payment of taxes at nominal rates. A composition dealer will file only 2 returns:

Return Form Particulars Interval Due Date
GSTR-4 Return for compounding taxable person Quarterly 18th of the month succeeding quarter**
GSTR-9A Annual Return Monthly 31st December of next financial year


3.3. Returns to be filed by specific registered dealers:

Return Form Particulars Interval Due Date
GSTR-5 Return for Non-Resident foreign taxable person Monthly 20th of the next month***
GSTR-6 Return for Input Service Distributor Monthly 13th of the next month***
GSTR-7 Return for authorities deducting tax at source. Monthly 10th of the next month
GSTR-8 Details of supplies effected through e-commerce operator and the amount of tax collected Monthly 10th of the next month
GSTR-10 Final Return Once. When registration is canceled or surrendered Within three months of the date of cancellation or date of cancellation order, whichever is later.
GSTR-11 Details of inward supplies to be furnished by a person having UIN and claiming refund Monthly 28th of the month following the month for which statement is filed

4. Late Fees for not Filing Return on Time

If GST Returns are not filed within time, you will be liable to pay interest and a late fee.

Interest is 18% per annum. It has to be calculated by the taxpayer on the amount of outstanding tax to be paid. The time period will be from the next day of filing (26th/ 29th Aug) to the date of payment.

Late fee is Rs. 100 per day per Act. So it is 100 under CGST & 100 under SGST. Total will be Rs. 200/day. Maximum is Rs. 5,000. There is no late fee on IGST.

Latest Update:

Late Fees for GSTR-3B and GSTR-4 has been reduced to:

  • Rs. 50 per day of delay
  • Rs 20 per day of delay for nil return
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